Wednesday, 22 November, 2017

UN says world population will reach 9.8 billion in 2050

UN Nigeria’s population to overtake US’ by 2050 World population will hit 8 billion in 2023, says UN survey
Lillian Steele | 22 June, 2017, 10:05

The report by the Department of Economic and Social Affairs' Population Division forecasts that the current world population of almost 7.6 billion will increase to 8.6 billion by 2030, 9.8 billion in 2050 and 11.2 billion in 2100.

In India, life expectancy at birth will be 71 years in 2025-2030, growing to 74.2 years in 2045-2050.

The UN study also found that there are more men than women globally (102 men for every 100 women), and that the number of people over 60 will top 1 billion in 2018 - and 2 billion by 2050.

In about seven years, India's population is expected to surpass that of China.

The United Nations (UN) has said Nigeria's population is set to overtake the USA by 2050.

According to the report, China with 1.41 billion and India with 1.34 billion people, accounting for 19 per cent and 18 per cent of the global population, remain two most populous countries and adds that "in roughly seven years, or around 2024, the population of India is expected to surpass that of China". Children under 15 years make up about one quarter of the world's inhabitants. From 2017 to 2050, it is expected that half of the world's population growth will be concentrated in India, Nigeria, Democratic Republic of Congo, Pakistan and Ethiopia, among other countries.

Further, large and persistent economic and demographic asymmetries between countries are likely to remain key drivers of worldwide migration for the foreseeable future.

The world population is now at least 7.6 billion, up from 7.4 billion past year, spurred by the relatively high levels of fertility in developing countries - despite an overall drop in the number of children people have around the globe, revealed World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision.

John Wilmoth, director of the Population Division, said at a news conference that the report includes information on the populations of 233 countries or areas of the world.

In terms of migration, the report said, "although global migration at or around current levels will be insufficient to compensate fully for the expected loss of population tied to low levels of fertility, especially in the European region, the movement of people between countries can help attenuate some of the adverse consequences of population ageing".

According to a United Nations report, the global population grows by about 83 million people per year and is projected to reach 9.8 billion people by 2050.

Between 2010 and 2015, Wilmoth said, "the world's women had 2 1/2 births per woman over a lifetime - but this number varies widely around the world".

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